Some sectarian insist base on their Hadith that, there will be grave punishment for all sinner, regardless they are believer or disbeliever and some Quranist insist there will be No grave punishment whatsoever & both parties claim there is some indication in the Quran.
However to me this subject is complex therefore it’s require sincere consideration and since the Quran has NO contradiction therefore both understanding cannot be correct, therefore to find the truth I need to ponder on all verses that related to grave / punishment.
[Please note I have mostly used common/popular translation on all verse but don’t forget every translation is manmade it may have some error and any translation will automatically come under suspicion if it contradict with any single verse.]
THE VERSES WHICH MAY INDICATE PUNISHMENT IN THE GRAVE
The Quran 40:46
In front of the Fire will they be brought, morning and evening: and (the Sentence will be) on the Day that Judgment will be established: "Cast ye the People of Pharaoh into the severest Penalty!"
The Quran 3:185
Every soul shall have a taste of death: and only on the Day of Judgment shall you be paid your full recompense. Only he who is saved far from the Fire and admitted to the Garden will have attained the object (of Life): for the life of this world is but goods and chattels of deception.
The Quran 6:93
Who can be more wicked than one who inventeth a lie against Allah, or saith, "I have received inspiration" when he hath received none or (again) who saith "I can reveal the like of what Allah hath revealed?" If thou couldst but see how the wicked in the flood of confusion at death!― the angels stretch forth their hands, (saying) "Yield up your souls. this day shall ye receive your reward a penalty of shame, for that ye used to tell lies against Allah, and scornfully to reject of His Signs!"
The Quran 8:50
If thou couldst see, when the angels take the souls of the Unbelievers they smite their faces and their backs "Taste the penalty of the Blazing Fire.
The Quran 9:101
Certain of the desert Arabs round about you are Hypocrites, as well as among the Madinah folk: they are obstinate in hypocrisy: thou knowest them not: We know them: twice shall We punish them, and in addition shall they be sent to a grievous penalty.
The Quran 71:25
Because of their sins they were drowned and were made to enter the Fire and they found― in lieu of Allah― none to help them.
THE VERSE WHICH MAY INDICATE NO PUNISHMENT AT ALL
The Quran 36:51/52
And the trumpet is blown and lo! from the graves they hie unto their Lord, (51) Crying: Woe upon us! Who hath raised us from our place of sleep? This is that which the Beneficent did promise, and the messengers spoke truth.
The Quran 30 :55
On the Day that the Hour (of reckoning) will be established, the transgressors will swear that they tarried not but an hour: thus were they used to being deluded!
The Quran 45:27
To Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and the Day that the Hour of Judgment is established― that Day will the dealers in Falsehood perish!
The Quran 7:4
How many towns have We destroyed (for their sins)? Our punishment took them on a sudden by night or while they slept for their afternoon rest.
The Quran 39:25
Those before them (also) rejected (revelation), and so the punishment came to them from directions they did not perceive.
The Quran 43:48
We showed them Sign after Sign, each greater than its fellow, and We seized them with punishment, in order that they might turn (to Us).
The Quran 43:74
The sinners will be in the punishment of Hell, to dwell therein (forever):
The Quran 52:47
And verily, for those who do wrong, there is another punishment besides this: But most of them understand not.
OTHER RELATED VERSES
The Quran 7:179
Many are the Jinns and men we have made for HELL: They have hearts wherewith they understand not, eyes wherewith they see not, and ears wherewith they hear not. They are like cattle,- nay more misguided: for they are heedless (of warning).
The Quran 3:7
He it is Who has sent down to thee the Book: in it are verses basic or fundamental (of established meaning); they are the foundation of the Book: others are not of well-established meaning. But those in whose hearts is perversity follow the part thereof that is not of well-established meaning. Seeking discord, and searching for its interpretation, but no one knows its true meanings except Allah, and those who are firmly grounded in knowledge say: "We believe in it; the whole of it is from our Lord"; and none will grasp the Message except men of understanding.
The Quran 18:100
And We shall present HELL that day for Unbelievers to see, all spread out,-
The Quran 89:23
And HELL, that Day, is brought (face to face),- on that Day will man remember, but how will that remembrance profit him?
The Quran 9:49
Among them is (many) a man who says: "Grant me exemption and draw me not into trial." Have they not fallen into trial already? and indeed HELL surrounds the Unbelievers (on all sides).
The Quran 17:75
In that case We would have made you taste a Double portion (of punishment) in this life and a Double portion (of punishment) after death. And then you would have found none to help you against Us.
The Quran 2:62
Those who believe and those who Jew and the Christians and the Sabians, any who believe in Allah and the Last Day and work righteousness, shall have their reward with their Lord; on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.
The Quran 4:136
O ye who Believe! Believe in Allah and His Messenger, and the scripture which He hath sent to His Messenger and the scripture which He sent to those before (him). Any who denieth Allah, His angels, His Books, His Messenger., and the Day of Judgment, hath gone far, far astray.
The Quran 6:128
One day will He gather them all together, (and say): "O ye assembly of Jinns! Much (toll) did ye take of men." Their friends amongst men will say: "Our Lord! We made profit from each other: but (alas!) we reached our term― which Thou didst appoint for us." He will say: "The fire be your dwelling-place: you will dwell therein forever except as Allah willeth." For thy Lord is full of wisdom and knowledge
THE VERSE WHICH TALK ABOUT GRAVE
The Quran 9:84
And never pray for one of them who dieth, nor stand by his grave. Lo! they disbelieved in Allah and His messenger, and they died while they were evil-doers.
The Quran 22:7
And because the Hour will come, there is no doubt thereof; and because Allah will raise those who are in the graves.
The Quran 35:22
Nor are the living equal with the dead. Lo! Allah maketh whom He will to hear. Thou canst not reach those who are in the graves.
The Quran 60:13
O ye who believe! Turn not (for friendship) to people on whom is the Wrath of Allah. Of the Hereafter they are already in despair, just as the Unbelievers are in despair about those (buried) in graves.
The Quran 80:21
Then, He causeth him to die, and putteth him in his Grave; (21)
The Quran 82:4
And when the Graves are turned upside down
Does he not know― when that which is in the graves is Scattered abroad
The Quran 102:2
Until ye visit the graves
We can see the word KABR[قَبْرِه ِ ] are mention on 8 place [as I know] in the Quran. But we cannot find any mention of Kabr Punishment [Azabil Kabr] In the Quran WHY ? There must be a reason to it, since nothing in the Quran left out without reason. However we find several type of punishment mention. Here are some punishment we find in the Quran.
Strict Punishment =[شَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ ]
Severe Punishment =[عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ ]
Shameful punishment=[عَذَابٌ مُّهِينٌ ]
Grievous punishment=[عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ ]
An enduring punishment=[عَذَابٌ مُّقِيمٌ]
Stunning punishment=[صَاعِقَةُ الْعَذَابِ ]
Fire Punishment =[عَذَابُ النَّارِ ]
An exemplary punishment = [عَذَابًا نُّكْرًا ]
Mighty punishment = [الْعَذَابَ الْأَكْبَرَ ]
LETS ANALYSE THE VERSE THAT SECTARIAN USE TO SUPPORT THEIR THEORY
[8:50] yet it does not mention of time of death therefore this verse possible describing the event when the judgement is done by ALLAH then the angel take the soul of wrongdoer soul to locate it to the hell.
[6:93] We can see the translation has been twisted to TODAY where it say THE DAY [ٱلۡيَوۡمَ ] and on either translation [today/this day or The day] this can be understood as it referring to the judgement day not the time of death.
[3:185 ] since the verse talking about all and every soul therefore it is not relevant to Kabir Azab and even on that verse it clearly mention that the judgment will be done in the J-DAY.
[9:101] twice punishment but is there any description of the punishment or what kind or where will it be in this world or in hell or even in the Kabr it self. However since this verse do not say openly, then how can one be so certain that, it is referring to Kabr Azab ? but we find on other verse which talk about double punishment in this life and after death [17:75]
[71:75] indicates they ware made to enter fire. To understand this we need to understand in this verse it say [Made to enter] may that is because, Before Allah is Eternal Now. The past tense also indicates the inevitable outcome. Such term [wa-ud'khila =and Admitted] is used on several verse and even on above verse [3:185] where the context clearly explain”- after the judgement they will enter paradise “ but for Allah everything is at present so this is why such term accrued [made to enter]
[40:46] The word [yuʿ'raḍūna /يُعْرَضُونَ =will be presented / exposed/shown] so even if we take this is NOT taking about this life and it is taking about after death [even though there is no “mwath /death” word used in the verse] still the verse do not say they are getting any punishment, In-fact it only say they will be shown the hell/ Punishment.
Moreover the verse 45 indicate this portion of 46 is taking about this life However also there is no such phrase used like [hatha/ حَتَّىٰ = till] J-Day then and does this verse clearly say anything such as that they will continue see it every morning and evening till judgement day ?
[18:100 & 89 :23] where it say they will see the hell on J-Day
ANALYSING VERSES WHICH INDICATE NO GRAVE PUNISHMENT
[36:51/52] indicate the mankind will say who has awaken us from sleep place/bed and then they run toward the selected AREA .Which indicate NO sign of any punishment have received while in the grave.
[30:55] indicate that, the criminals will swear that they did not stay in this world more than an hour another word it was very short however this also indicate that they did not find anything terrified as what now they are facing so that also prove they did not received any punishment while in the grave.
Several verses like [45:27] indicate ALLAH has ALL Power over everything & on that Day the falsifiers will lose. Again if they get punishment before that day [save on this world] then they are already lose before the hour establish.
[7:4]indicted Allah has destroyed several city as punishment while some are sleeping,/resting. & by such verse we know Allah did punish when needed on this world & sometime [39:25] the punishment came to them from directions they did not perceive. so this can be also class as double punishment.
[43:48] Indicate Allah did showed Sign and then after them sign imposed some punishment on some people, so they may repent back to Allah.
[ 43:74] The sinners will be in the punishment of Hell [52:47] Indicate also two punishment which more likely one in this world and in hell.
I did not find any verse which order us to believe on any grave punishment like we see on other subject which we do need to believe [4:136] same time there is no verse taking about grave punishment clearly or specifically.
Since the Quran is VERY clear on foundation issue [3:7] but yet we see it's silent on this grave punishment, therefore there must be a reason. And if someone obey Allah and do as Allah instructed then s/he has no fear [2:62] then this punishment is NOT factor anyway. If someone disobey Allah then soon or later s/he will received what is due to them.
Since Allah did not mention anything directly on this issue therefore it is up to Allah [swt] to punish someone or NOT. I have no right to say anything in certain regarding this. Either way such prediction will be wrong & baseless against the book of Allah [swt]. Therefore it is best to maintain silent on this issue and that is safe & since it is not matter of faith but some sectarian believe/think it is.
But I have No doubt about the HELL PUNISHMENT. And even if there is such [grave] punishment & we see in verse [6:128] Allah used the TERM [if Allah will] so I pray Allah to forgive us All & protect us form every kind of Punishments.[Allah Knows best